Main players or parties in payments processing

To understand payments processing like anything else , needs to understand who are the players in the process .

Here are the main players in the payments processing:

  • Card Holder - an account holder  who owns Debit or Credit card, particularly a Plastic Card 
  • POS or CheckOut - The time and place where a retail transaction is completed.
  • Merchant - This is a store or a vendor who sells goods or services to the cardholder.
  • Payments Gateway – a logic entity that routes the transaction information between POS or CheckOut to the relevant payment processor or another PSP.
  • Vault or Card Vault – Secured and encrypted environment where PANs and their tokens are stored and kept.
  • Processors – Presumably there is enough fund on the bank account, clearing funds from the Card Holder and settles on a bank account .
  • Acquiring Bank/Acquirer - The acquiring bank is responsible for receiving payment authorization requests from the merchant and sending them to the issuing bank through the appropriate channels and these channels are card networks.
  • Card Networks – Visa , Master Card, Amex, Discover, CUP, JCB, Debit – as know as Card Brands
  • Card Issuers – Banks …BOA, Capital One, Citi Bank – Financial Institutions that provide the cards to the card holders

As you can imaging there much more , however the above list , is a list of the main ones.

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